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What Is the Cervix?

Understanding one’s own sexual and reproductive anatomy may help a person be better informed when it comes to taking care of their sexual and reproductive health. It can also help a person when they are experimenting during sexual activity to find what feels pleasurable to them.

The cervix is the lower, narrow end or the neck of the uterus (womb). This muscular organ is found in people who are assigned female at birth. It creates a connection between the uterus and the vaginal canal, allowing fluids to pass between the uterus and the vagina. For example, during penis-in-vagina sex, sperm that is released through ejaculation must travel through the cervix to reach the uterus and fallopian tubes to fertilize an egg.

Additionally, each month during an individual’s menstrual cycle, period blood exits the uterus via the cervix before leaving the body through the vagina. Lastly, the cervix is the opening through which a baby leaves the uterus and enters the birth canal during childbirth.

Unfortunately, the cervix is a common place for abnormal cells to form, which can sometimes lead to cancer. This is why getting a regular Pap smear, a screening test for cervical cancer, is recommended for people with cervixes to identify changes in cells early on and treat them before they can develop into cancer.

Some people may wonder if it is possible to orgasm through cervical stimulation. Although some vulva owners report reaching orgasm through deep penetration, at this time, we do not know what exactly is being stimulated to achieve this type of orgasm. However, it is known that it is possible for the cervix to be stimulated through deep penetration. Its position varies depending on the timing of one’s menstrual cycle and their level of arousal.

While some individuals may find it pleasurable, it is important to note that other people find cervical stimulation to be uncomfortable. The cervix is extremely sensitive, so if it is touched by a penis or sex toy during sexual activity, it is possible that a person may find the experience unpleasant. As such, it is a good idea to listen to your body during sexual activity so as to identify what is pleasant for you and what is not.

That said, if cervical stimulation causes severe pain, it is essential to visit a health care provider to rule out any possible biological issues.

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